Moore’s Law has been a thing for some time now, and has been true. Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on an integrated circuit doubles every two years. This is because of advancements in manufacturing and design of the circuitry. Over the past few decades circuitry has gotten smaller and smaller. With the latest design created for 14 nanometer transistors on the Broadwell processors from Intel.
Intel’s latest processors for 2016 (Kaby Lake) will continue to use the 14 nanometer technology. Intel is not stopping there, instead, the new circuitry is slated for the second half of 2017, with transistors measuring at 10 nanometers in their Cannonlake chips.
Moore’s Law is still living up to its standards, but might be on the verge of slowing down with current technological advancements. The two year mark, may be more like 2.5 years instead. Still, not too far off from the original.
On to brighter news, IBM has announced that they can create 7 nanometer transistors, using silicon-germanium, during the manufacturing process. The new material choice allows transistors to switch faster and also use less power—in turn allowing them to sit more densely on a chip.
Bottom line, the conventional ways of creating transistors on chips will soon be limited and chip manufacturers will need to find other ways to cram them onto a processor.